Where now stands the city of Cerveteri (RM), between the ninth and third century BC took form one of the most important city-states of Etruria: Caere.
Eastern Liguria, a sometimes harsh and inhospitable place, encompasses some of the most beautiful landscape realities of the region, thanks to the presence of the sea and of an unexpected scenery. In some cases, land and water are connected, clearly showing the challenges that Man had to face in order to dominate Nature. In these cases, these forms of anthropization can turn their constraints into potentials.
The shape that today characterizes the fortified building of the castle of Morrea is only the last of the various stratifications that have modified the original layout thorughout the centuries. The current aspect of the building is most likely linked to the interventions promoted by the Piccolomini family between the twentieth and twenty-first century.
The special and unique position of the Tino Island in the Gulf of La Spezia, with its complex orography, has strengthen his attitude of sighting, protecting and controlling the sea over centuries. Nothing can escape the view enjoyed from the top of the island, which on the clearest days catches a stretch of sea that goes from Livorno to Genoa. This was certainly noticed by the Republic of Genoa’s engineers around 1600, who probably built the current base of the lighthouse that still exists today.
The paper, through the study of the main maps and historical imagery, intends to describe through pictures the fortified city of Gallipoli alongside the evolution of the Mediterranean coastal landscape and, specifically of the Salento peninsula.