Una rete castellare: il sistema fortificato irpino

In Irpinia, to grasp the extent to which the multiform and varied castellated density still has today, it is necessary to look at its hilly and mountainous landscapes or read the toponyms of its villages: from the recent study carried out in the Province of Avellino, there is a list of 78 castles still visible in elevation, a very high figure if you consider that the entire provincial territory is composed of 118 municipalities, for a percentage of almost 70%.

El Castillo de Moclín. De ḥiṣn a villa fronteriza

In this paper we will work in a general way the characteristics that the Nasrid border presents, focusing on the material innovations and the new buildings that separate it from the previous defensive structures as well as the agents that in our opinion would explain its appearance.

El Castell Vell de Castelló o el paradigma de la ocupación antrópica del territorio de La Plana hasta el siglo XIII

The Castell Vell of Castelló (Castelló’s Old Castle) is an andalusian structure located at the top on a hill, placed on northern region of La Plana, in the land of Castellón. It’s organized on three interconnected platforms, as many andalusians castles: alcazaba, albacara and the village itself. With 1,1 hectares surface, it follows the pattern of “castle associated with a rural habitat” according the Bazzana’s classification.

The Cultural Duality between Coastal Fortifications and the Sea

Sicily’s coasts are studded with fortifications, a few which are still intact and serve as a testimony of the island’s thousand year old history. Their original function of defence and control was closely linked to aspects of formality and strategic positioning in the Mediterranean. For this reason, they once constituted strong holds on the territory and represented important elements of symbolic connotations.

Castle Garth in Newcastle (UK): processes of transformation, integration and discharge of a fortified complex in an urban context

Castle Garth is the name of the fortified area once enclosed within the castle walls. In the fifteenth century Newcastle became a county in its own right, however, the Garth, being within the castle walls, remained part of the County of Northumberland. The Great Hall, a building separate from the Castle Fortress (the “Keep”), which in later years became known as the “Old Moot Hall”, was used by courts that sat at regular intervals in every county of England and Wales.